what is the capital of chile

A lawyer and economist, he was an academic and served as secretary-general of the Univ. 105,600), capital of Coquimbo region, N central Chile, on the Elqui River. The armed forces are recruited by conscription, and the term of active military service is 12 months. Currency: peso. Ricardo Lagos EscobarLagos Escobar, Ricardo, 1938–, Chilean political leader. Among the more common infectious or parasitic diseases are children’s infections, syphilis, gastrointestinal infectious diseases, infectious hepatitis, and helminthiases. , which, toward the south, gradually becomes a semiarid steppe with limited vegetation. New narrative techniques and psychological probing distinguish the prose of the 1950’s and 1960’s, notably the works of C. Droguett (born 1915) and J. Donoso (born 1926). Santiago has a concentration of industries producing foodstuffs, shoes, textiles, clothes, and metallurgy and copper mining. The leading branches of industry—food processing, textiles, clothing and footwear, and chemicals—are concentrated in Santiago, Valparaiso, and Concepción provinces. In 1970 the country’s work force totaled 3.3 million persons, of whom 21 percent were engaged in agriculture, lumbering, fishing, and hunting (compared to 28 percent in 1960), 16 percent were employed in manufacturing (18 percent), 3 percent worked in the mining industry (4 percent), 6 percent were employed in transportation (5 percent), and 54 percent worked in the service sector (45 percent), including trade (12 percent, up from 10 percent in 1960). It is bounded on the north by Peru and Bolivia, on the east by Argentina, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru ceded Arica to Chile after the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of the)...... Click the link for more information. The precipitation averages less than 50 mm of rain annually, and some places receive no rainfall for several consecutive years. and TemucoTemuco, city (1990 est. A state in the southwestern part of South America, Chile is bounded by Peru on the north, by Argentina and Bolivia on the east, and by the Pacific on the west. The Teatro Municipal operates a school of ballet, founded in 1949 and headed by O. Montesino, and it sponsors the Pucará folklore ensemble. The first such play was performed in 1646. Deposits of saltpeter (chiefly sodium nitrate), salt, gypsum, and borates are found in the salt flats (salares) of the Longitudinal Valley. A. Rojas, M. de Salas, and B. O’Higgins. 148,500), capital of Iquique prov., N Chile. Ballet companies have also been formed in Arica, Valdivia, Concepción, and Valparaíso. In 1970, Salvador Allende GossensAllende Gossens, Salvador, 1908–73, president of Chile (1970–73). The workers’ standard of living declined, the GNP was reduced by 13 percent, and the output of consumer goods and food crops fell sharply. The class struggle that shook Chile during the years that the Unidad Popular government was in power is evoked in G. Atias’ novels And the Money Flowed (1972) and Against the Current (1978). In 1817, José de San MartínSan Martín, José de, 1778–1850, South American revolutionist, b. Yapeyú, in present-day Argentina. E. N. LUKASHOVA (physical geography) and V. D. CHEKHOVICH (geological structure and mineral resources). Founder of constitutional order and of the conservative regime in Chile, he was general minister (1830–31) and minister of war and marine (1831–32, 1835–37)...... Click the link for more information. 1–2, 1925–35), imbued with a despairing rejection of the world, gave way to the civic poetry of Spain in My Heart (1937) and then to General Song (1950), an epic about the land and people of Latin America. The struggle for independence, which gathered momentum under the influence of the victory of the French Revolution, was led by J. (In a few areas alerce coverage extends across Chile's western border with Argentina.) A military-fascist junta headed by the army commander General A. Pinochet Ugarte came to power. are the chief population centers. pop. With his brothers, Juan José and Luis, he overthrew the revolutionary junta headed by Martínez de Rozas in 1813 and dominated Chile until replaced by Bernardo O'Higgins later that year...... Click the link for more information. (254 cm) of precipitation annually. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, The 10 Biggest Shopping Malls In The World. The mid-1920’s were marked by political instability. A national style was championed by the composers C. Lavin, P. H. Allende Sarón, C. Isamitt Alarcón, R. Acevedo, and J. Urrutia Blondel, whereas European musical trends were closely followed by the composers E. Soro, D. Santa Cruz (Wilson), A. Letelier Liona, J. Orrego Salas (who moved to the USA in 1961), and G. Becerra. Some of the best chile peppers in the world are grown in Hatch, N.M., about four hours south of Santa Fe, which bills itself as the Chile Capital of … The population of Santiago in the year 2002 was 200,792. The most important museums, all located in the capital, are the National Historical Museum, the National Museum of Fine Arts, the National Museum of Natural History, and museums of education, contemporary art, and folk art of the American peoples. The country’s natural beauty was celebrated in the collections From the Sea to the Mountains (1903) by D. Dublé Urrutia (born 1878) and The Chilean Soul (published in 1912) by C. Pezoa Veliz (1879–1908), whose poems are imbued with a folk spirit and social protest. Vina del Mar has 13 beaches, and festivals such as the International Song Festival which is the largest festival in Latin America. With tourism, the skylines of Chile are developing at a fast rate. In 1948 the national Congress adopted a “law for the defense of democracy,” banning the Communist Party, progressive trade unions, and other democratic organizations. The rest of the region is a wilderness of midlatitude rain forest, which has been extensively logged. , which was finally settled in 1929. With the expansion of crafts and industry, chiefly mining, the number of workers increased. The desert itself, c.2,000 ft (610 m) above sea level, is a series of dry salt basins flanked on the W by the Pacific coastal range, averaging c...... Click the link for more information. The establishment of the military fascist dictatorship in 1973, followed by mass repressions, the emigration of hundreds of scientific workers, and reduced allocations for scientific research, greatly weakened Chile’s scientific potential. On the Communists’ initiative the People’s Front was founded in 1951, the Single Center of Chilean Workers in 1953, and the Popular Action Front (FRAP) in 1956. During the administrations of Manuel BulnesBulnes, Manuel, 1799–1866, president of Chile (1841–51). O’Higgins’ struggle against the privileges of the landed oligarchy and the Catholic Church, along with his efforts to implement progressive reforms and restrict the church’s influence, provoked dissatisfaction among the feudal-clerical circles. Santiago is the capital of Chile New questions in Spanish. It arose from provisions of the Treaty of Ancón (1883), which ended the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of the)...... Click the link for more information. The Transandine Railway was completed in 1910 (closed 1982), and many more railroads were built. A film institute established in 1957 by the University of Chile in Santiago produced documentaries. It is the southern terminus of Chile's mainland railroads and the starting point for navigation through the inland waterways and among the..... Click the link for more information. Visit Santiago on your next vacation, and get a true taste of Chile's thriving culture! The largest universities are the University of Chile, the State Technical University in Santiago (founded 1947), and the Catholic University of Chile (1888). In foreign policy the military fascist government is guided by the USA. Livestock raising developed, and artisan workshops and manufacturers (seeMANUFACTURE) were established. Marxism attracted a large following, and the first workers’ newspaper, El proletario, began publication in 1875. The central public health agency is the Ministry of Health. South of 41° 30’ S lat. The style was initiated by J. Vallejo (1811–58), whose short stories give a satirical picture of Chilean society. Southern Chile has a typically fjord coast. Under Aylwin, Chile again turned toward democracy; the country's economy strengthened, as its exports were increased and its debt lowered. Area, 756,900 sq km (UN data). The collections Desolation (1922), Tala (1938), and Winepress (1954), while recording the poet’s individual feelings, also reflect the collective consciousness of the Latin American peoples. Radio broadcasting was begun in the 1920’s. In 1811 a national congress was established, but inasmuch as it was dominated by pro-Spanish elements, J. M. Carrera, one of the leaders of the War of Independence, dissolved the congress and took control of the government, instituting measures to strengthen the country’s independence. The merchant marine, ships exceeding 100 gross registered tons, totaled 459,000 gross registered tons in 1975. International avant-garde trends influenced the poetry of V. Huidobro (1893–1948), the theoretician and leader of Chilean creacionismo (from the Spanish crear, “to create”). or. A lawyer and scholar, he was a leading instigator of revolutionary ideas...... Click the link for more information. Tourism forms are the primary economic activity of both Santiago and Valparaiso. Answer Save. Most of the country’s llamas and alpacas are raised in the provinces of Arica and Iquique. Learn term:santiago = what is the capital of chile? and Bernardo O'HigginsO'Higgins, Bernardo, 1778–1842, South American revolutionary and ruler (1817–23) of Chile; illegitimate son of Ambrosio O'Higgins. , who was sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru to explore the southern region, led a party of men through the Andes into the central lowlands of Chile but was unsuccessful (1536) in establishing a foothold there. A partner of Francisco Pizarro, he took part in the first (1524) and second (1526–28) expeditions and in the bloody subjugation of the Incas after 1532...... Click the link for more information. , IquiqueIquique, city (1990 est. . Administratively, Chile is divided into 13 regions. pop. , largely because of the rivalry of O'Higgins with José Miguel CarreraCarrera, José Miguel, 1785–1821, Chilean revolutionist. Sheep raising is the chief pastoral occupation, providing wool and meat for domestic use and for export. However, with the onset of the cold war, unleashed by US reactionary circles, González Videla in 1947 expelled the Communists from his government and broke off diplomatic relations with the USSR, established in 1944. Wilflife and flora are protected in the Villarrica, Los Paraguas, Pérez Rosales, Puyehue, and Juan Fernández national parks and in the Nahuelbuta Preserve. What is the capital of Chile? He held many prominent academic and governmental posts, distinguishing himself as minister of education...... Click the link for more information. Unemployment and labor unrest grew, although the economy improved steadily between 1976 and 1981 with the help of foreign bank loans and an increase in world copper prices. Led by O’Higgins, the commander in chief of the patriots, and supported by the army of the Argentine general J. San Martín, the Chileans defeated the Spaniards at the battle of Chacabuco (February 1817) and entered Santiago. 2,770), 66 sq mi (171 sq km), in the South Pacific, c.2,200 mi (3,540 km) W of Chile, to which it belongs...... Click the link for more information. , the Juan FernándezJuan Fernández, group of small islands, S Pacific, c.400 mi (640 km) W of Valparaiso, Chile. He served in the revolt against Spain and commanded the victorious Chilean forces at the battle of Yungay (1839), where the Peru-Bolivia confederation of Andrés Santa Cruz was destroyed...... Click the link for more information. The junta is militarizing the economy and strengthening the country’s ties with the imperialist states. In Oct., 2019, a rapid transit fare hike sparked weeks of protests in a number of cities against economic inequality that turned violent at times. What Olympic field event's two main styles are the glide and the spin? The central regions support xerophytic scrub (matorrales, espinales), growing on gray and cinnamon-colored or cinnamon-colored soils; on the middle slopes of the Andes there are beech forests (Nothofagus oblequa), yielding at higher elevations to mountain steppes. Copper accounted for 71.7 percent of the total value of 1974 exports, iron ore for 5.3 percent, saltpeter and iodine for 2.2 percent, pulp and paper for 4.4 percent, and agricultural and fishery products for 4.2 percent. Chile also claims a sector of Antarctica. Americans 'tired of COVID' have experts worried The Allende government introduced far-reaching anti-imperialist and anti-oligarchic reforms; copper mines belonging to US monopolies were nationalized, restrictions were placed on the activity of the Chilean industrial, landowning, and financial oligarchy, and an agrarian reform was carried out that effectively abolished the latifundia system. Create. The economic region produces all of the country’s rice, 85 percent of its corn, 75 percent of its barley, 50 percent of its wheat, and 40 percent of its potatoes. The first sound film, North and South, was made by Delano in 1934. Also in 2005, the border with Peru again became a source of international tension as Peru laid claim to offshore fishing waters that Chile controlled; a 2014 ruling by the International Court of Justice awarded Peru a little more than half of the disputed waters. In March 1936 a Popular Front was created by the Communist, Radical, and Socialist parties. 9 years ago. Pollution and erosion have added to the environmental threat. The supreme commander in chief is the president, and the military junta exercises direct leadership. Nearly 90% of the people are at least nominally Roman Catholic. American films again filled the country’s screens. In Sept., 1973, with covert American support, the armed forces staged a coup during which Allende died by his own hand; it also led to the execution, detention, or expulsion from Chile of thousands of people. Orchards (apples, citrus fruits, peaches) and vineyards are also found, primarily in Central Chile, from Santiago Province to Linares Province. A mutiny in the navy in 1931 was followed in June 1932 by a military coup led by Colonel M. Grove Vallejo, who proclaimed Chile a “socialist republic.” Councils of workers’ and soldiers’ deputies were formed in a number of cities. The city’s spirit matches the grandeur of its landscape. km. A port on the Pacific, it exports nitrates and ore from the Atacama Desert. Fauna. (1970, directed by A. Francia), and Araucana (1971, directed by J. Coll), a joint production with Spain and Italy. The government revived diplomatic relations with Cuba and established diplomatic relations with other socialist countries. STUDY. The cities with populations of more than 100,000 (1976) are Santiago (3.4 million; the metropolitan area accounts for about 30 percent of the country’s population), Valparaíso, Viña del Mar, Concepción, Talcahuano, Antofagasta, and Temuco. In the 1920’s several film companies were founded in Santiago and Valparaiso: Giambastini Films, Chile Films, and Andes Films. It is a leading commercial and industrial center. Fishing and lumbering are also important economic activities. PLAY. At the turn of the century, under the influence of the Nicaraguan R. Darío, a number of poets experimented with new verse forms and imagery, among them Jorge González Bastias (1863–1905) and M. Jara (born 1886). The development of an independent Chilean state (1818–1917). 5, 1818). The Alessandri government (1958–64) pursued a policy of involving the country in the plots of foreign capitalists and suppressing the labor movement. There are also internal security forces, the Carabineros, numbering 30,000 men. Under the Unidad Popular government the education system was democratized. Mineral deposits (in particular copper, coal, and silver) are found in central Chile, and the rivers, especially the Biobío, have been harnessed to generate electricity; hydroelectricity is responsible for 70% of Chile's power. Only $0.99/month. The average life expectancy was 62.6 years. What is the capital of Chile ? In painting and the graphic arts, along with the Montparnasse modernist group (headed by the cubist C. Mori), surrealism (R. Matta), and abstract art (N. Antúñez), there emerged the socially oriented realistic art of C. Hermosilla Alvarez, G. Nuñez, J. Venturelli, P. Lobos, and J. Escamez. In response, Piñera re-formed his cabinet, and the government rescinded the increase, announced a package of social welfare and other reforms, and enacted legislation that called for a referendum on revising the Pinochet-era constitution. In 1975, the country’s electric power plants had an installed capacity of 2.6 gigawatts, with hydroelectric power plants accounting for 1.5 gigawatts. It occupies a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Santiago, capital city of Chile Santiago basks in one of the world’s most spectacular settings. Sections of this region, which is in the direct path of moist westerly winds, receive more than 100 in. 211,700), capital of Araucania region, S central Chile, on the Cautín River. The 18th and early 19th centuries saw the construction of town houses with inner courtyards, portals, and grillwork. A lawyer and editor, he was a founder (1938) of the National Falange, an independent party based on progressive Christian principles, which in 1957 became the core of the new Christian Democratic..... Click the link for more information. There is a subway system and the international airports at Pudahuel and Los Cerrillos provide air services. Santiago, the capital of Chile, is one of the most important cities where many tourists flock every year. The Constitution of 1833 strengthened the Conservatives, who remained in power until 1875. Strong earthquakes centered off N Chile in Apr., 2014, and Sept., 2015, resulted in significant but relatively limited damage. Tourism forms the backbone of most Chile cities. Allende, in an attempt to turn Chile into a socialist state, nationalized many private companies, instituted programs of land reform, and, in foreign affairs, sought closer ties with Communist countries. What is the capital of Chile? The agricultural South-Central Economic Region includes Arauco and Bío-Bío provinces of the Eighth Region and the Ninth and Tenth regions, excluding Chiloé Province. Spanish is the country's official language. Log in Sign up. Compared to 1970 figures, the enrollment in primary schools rose by 13.5 percent, in general-education secondary schools by 33.7 percent, in vocational-technical schools by 51.9 percent, in higher educational institutions by 82.4 percent, and in the adult education system by 96.8 percent. . km (292 256 sq. Dolph Lundgren recalls putting Stallone in the hospital. Other major Creolists were F. Gana (1867–1926), R. Maluenda (born 1885), F. Santiván (born 1886), and L. Durand (1895–1954). Some 1.2 million ha are irrigated. It is a commercial city dealing in cattle, lumber, wheat, and fruit...... Click the link for more information. The “urban novel” criticized bourgeois society from a social and moral perspective. The Andes are an orographic barrier, and the western slopes and the peaks receive much precipitation; permanently snowcapped mountains are found along Chile's length. The social and historical development of Chile, which embarked on capitalism earlier than the other Latin American countries, stimulated the appearance of critical realism in the mid-19th century. Moreover, the state owned 85 percent of the rail network, as well as most of the air and maritime transport facilities. Easter Island is settled by Polynesians (Rapanui). The junta’s antinational and antipopular policies caused an abrupt deterioration of the situation in the country, the impoverishment of the working people, and a considerable rise in the cost of living. Chile lies within the Andes (Cordillera) geosynclinal belt, which has a basement of weakly metamorphosed Paleozoic rocks in the east and possibly late Precambrian and Paleozoic metamorphic rocks in the west. A law enacted in December 1975 permitted the government to shut down newspapers and radio stations whose news was deemed antipatriotic. Twentieth-century Chilean sculpture shows a predilection for monumental forms and the revival of ancient traditions (L. Dominguez, S. Roman Rojas). The transport syste… In 1709 the first theater building was erected in Santiago, and in 1791 a small theater was built in Valparaiso. One of the most influential Santiago dailies is El Mercurio, founded in 1900 and having a circulation of 300,000. Agriculture is the main occupation of about 15% of the population; it accounts for about 6% of the national wealth, and produces less than half of the domestic needs. The next year the Ballet Folklórico Nacional was established under the direction of R. Reys. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ What is the capital of Chile? Answer. The fascist putsch of September 1973, by bringing on the persecution of progressive writers and publishers, interrupted the natural development of Chilean literature. A portion of extreme S Chile lies in the rain shadow of the Andes and is covered by natural grasslands; extensive sheep grazing is carried on, with wool, mutton, and skins the chief products. In the 1958 presidential elections the FRAP candidate, the Socialist S. Allende Gossens, received only 30,000 votes less than the candidate of the right-wing forces and the puppet of big capital, J. Alessandri. From 1959, when it was named the Ballet of Modern Art, until 1966, the ballet was headed by Cintolesi. Physicians are trained at six university medical faculties. In Jan.–Feb, 2017, Chile experienced its worst wildfire season ever; some 1,400 sq mi (3,600 sq km) burned in central and S Chile. santiago de chile more commonly reffered to as simply Santiago. From a poverty-stricken childhood he rose to become one of Chile's most notable jurists. Chileans obtained the right to work the nitrate fields in the Atacama, which then belonged to Bolivia. In the early 1980s, the country was plagued by a recession and foreign debt grew significantly, but the economy leveled off late in the decade. Paseo Ahumada, Plaza de Armas and Santiago Cathedral are the main attractions in Santiago. The barren landscape of the north extends from the coast to the Andes, where snowcapped peaks tower above the desert. was dedicated in 1904. The promulgation of a new constitution in October 1822, aimed at democratizing the political system and limiting the privileges of the aristocracy, exacerbated the tense situation. Chile is governed under the constitution of 1981 as amended. Complete the conversation that Eric is having with his Spanish teacher at school in the evening class. Large-scale unemployment also had occurred after World War I when the nitrate market collapsed. The political struggle of the late 1960’s was reflected in such progressive films as The Jackal of Nahueltoro (1969, directed by M. Littin) and Three Sad Tigers (1968, directed by R. Ruiz). Education facilities in the city include numerous primary and secondary schools and universities like the University of Valparaiso and Catholic University. 306,464), capital of Biobío region, S central Chile, near the mouth of the Biobío River. Founded in 1541, Santiago is the largest and capital city in Chile. It contains Chile's largest cities—Santiago, ValparaisoValparaiso, Span. It is separated from the mainland by the Corcovado and Ancud gulfs and the Chacao Channel; the waters around the island are used as nursery by blue whales...... Click the link for more information. The tribes inhabiting northern Chile were subjugated by the Incas in the 15th century. By mid-2012, however, the Chilean government estimated that three fourths of the needed reconstruction had been completed. 1 0. There is a high incidence of infectious and cardiovascular diseases and malignant tumors. There are over 230 registered cities across the country, let’s find out which one is the capital. In the subsequent reign of terror unleashed by the junta some 30,000 Chilean patriots perished in the junta’s torture chambers, and another 2,500 persons “disappeared.” The junta nullified the economic gains of the people, returning the land to the latifundistas and enterprises to their former owners and paying compensation to foreign monopolies. In the 1977–78 school year the primary schools had an enrollment of 2.2 million pupils, and in the 1977–78 school year the various secondary schools were attended by more than 487,200 students. His efforts, as well as those of his successors, Carlos Ibáñez del Campo (1952–58) and Jorge Alessandri (1958–64), were hampered by chronic inflation and repeated labor crises. Most of the output of the copper-ore and copper-smelting industry is exported; in 1974 such exports totaled 702,000 tons of blister and refined copper and 156,000 tons of copper concentrates. The accession to power in 1886 of the Liberal J. M. Balmaceda—an advocate of independent economic and political development—was unpalatable to the oligarchy, which was supported by the foreign monopolies, the church, and the upper ranks of the military. Email or Phone: Password: Forgot account? After independence (1818), the relative stability of Chile’s political life made it a haven for literary men from other Latin American countries. After the first Popular Front government came to power in 1938, there was a heightened interest in social issues. Gravity. Of the roughly 92,000 km of roads, 11,000 km are paved and 25,400 km have a gravel surface (1974). Precolonial period (to the early 16th century). Log in Sign up. Seymour, 69, clarifies remark on being able to play 25. With the exploitation of nitrate and copper by foreign interests, chiefly the United States, prosperity continued. Under the Unidad Popular government amateur theater groups were organized by professional actors. Under the Unidad Popular government the state studio Chile Films was formed with Littin as president. Chile stretches from north to south for a distance of 4,300 km, forming a narrow band 15 to 355 km wide between the Pacific coast and the high Andes Mountains. Press alt + / to open this menu. The state and the government are headed by a military junta composed of the commanders of the three branches of the armed forces and the carabineros (security forces). A desire to give philosophical meaning to reality is reflected in his Elementary Odes (1954–57) and the lyrical and grotesque poems of Estravagario (1958). A long narrow strip of land (no more than c.265 mi/430 km wide) between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, Chile stretches c.2,880 mi (4,630 km) from near lat. Thus, Valparaiso can be regarded as the second capital city of Chile. Santiago is the oldest, largest, and capital city in Chile. V Valparaíso Region boasts a population of 1,790,460 settled in an area of 6,331 square miles. The strike movement that developed in 1954–55 encompassed more than 1 million persons. The rise of the laboring classes was marked by unionization, and there were many Marxists who advocated complete social reform. In 1822, Great Britain granted Chile a loan of 5 million pesos, thereby inaugurating the flow of British capital into the Chilean economy and strengthening British influence on the country’s political life. The cosmopolitan lifestyle of Santiago is a well-blended mixture of North America and European influences. In 1949 a ballet company was formed at Santiago’s Teatro Municipal under the direction of V. Sulima. The Allende government strongly advocated peace and international security, supported peaceful coexistence and the cooperation of states with different social systems, and opposed colonialism and neo-colonialism. The following year he won the decisive battle of MaipúMaipú, battlefield, central Chile, a few miles S of Santiago. The major products are copper and other minerals, processed food, fish meal, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transportation equipment, and textiles. Some 90 percent of all foreign trade cargo is handled by maritime shipping. In the early 1930’s there were demonstrations protesting against the dictatorship. Several industrial firms have their own research departments. The general economic crisis of the late 1940’s brought the motion-picture industry virtually to a standstill. Prior to that time ballet performances had been given by foreign, chiefly European, companies. In the novels of M. Rojas’ (1896–1973)— Son of a Thief (1951), Better Than Wine (1958), and Shadows on the Wall (1964)—social problems are refracted through the prism of the hero’s inner world. The Spanish colonialists introduced such forms of feudal exploitation as the encomienda and the repartimiento, distributing the land together with the Indians living on it and using Indian labor in farming and in mining gold, silver, and copper. See more of Countries and Capitals on Facebook. The FRAP coalition included not only Communists and Socialists but members of other parties as well. Today, Chile is considered to be one of the most wealthy and stable nations in South America. ); and there is more glaciation. 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